Pediatric Dermatology: What Is It?

Skin conditions can affect anyone, even children. The branch of medicine that diagnoses and treats skin conditions that affect children is known as pediatric dermatology. These skin conditions may present different symptoms and cause uncomfortable effects. These dermatologists have the medical knowledge and necessary experience required to diagnose and treat various skin conditions. They can diagnose and treat those as young as newborns, and as old as adolescents. 

What Is Pediatric Dermatology?

Pediatric dermatology is a branch of dermatology focused on diagnosing and treating various skin conditions that affect children. Those who practice this type of dermatology are medical doctors. The position requires extensive education and training. It typically requires more advanced training than general dermatology does. The path of a pediatric dermatologist commonly goes as follows: first, they earn a bachelor’s degree; next, they complete medical school and an internship; then, they finish a residency program; and, finally, they complete a pediatric dermatology fellowship. 

These specialists perform skin evaluations on their patients, in addition to obtaining their medical histories. As a parent, it is important to document what symptoms or effects your child has experienced. Keeping a list is helpful, as it may be difficult for the child to discuss their concerns with dermatologists. Pediatric dermatologists, however, are specialists who have experience working with children and are often trained to have patience. After a skin evaluation, the pediatric dermatologist may suggest several different treatment options. These options may directly treat or manage the symptoms associated with the condition.  

The skin conditions that affect children can vary widely from conditions that affect adults. Additionally, symptoms of the same condition can also present differently in children than they would in an adult. This is why pediatric dermatologists need specialized training and education. While pediatric dermatologists evaluate the skin and suggest treatment, they can also advise the parents on proper preventive measures and daily habits that can help them take care of their child’s skin. 

What Skin Conditions Do Pediatric Dermatologists Treat?

Pediatric dermatologists can diagnose and provide treatment for a wide variety of different skin conditions and their symptoms. These conditions can be mild to severe and may affect any area of the body. Conditions include rashes, psoriasis, impetigo, and keratosis pilaris. Some common conditions that children experience include acne, eczema, and warts. 


Acne is one of the most common skin conditions. Contrary to popular belief that acne only affects teenagers, it can actually affect people of any age. Despite this, it is most prevalent in the pediatric population. Acne may pop up on the skin for many different underlying reasons, such as an overproduction of oil, clogged pores, or inflammation. Though acne is well-known for causing emotional damage, it can also damage skin and lead to permanent scarring. Pediatric dermatologists provide patients with several different treatment options, including specific creams and medicated washes. 


Eczema is characterized by dry, irritated, and itchy skin that manifests as red patches on the body. Areas of the body that are commonly affected by eczema are knees and elbows, as they are often the driest areas on the body. However, eczema can affect any part of the body. While there are treatment options that can manage the symptoms of eczema, there is no cure for the condition and long-term treatment is typically required. Treatment generally focuses on managing these symptoms and mitigating inflammation. It may be pertinent to avoid harshly-scented products, invest in quality moisturizers, or use prescription creams. 


Warts can affect any area of the body, including the face. Warts vary in size and there are different types of warts that affect the skin. These growths are contagious and are caused by a virus. Although some growths may not present symptoms, there are some warts that can be painful and spread. A dermatologist can recommend the best treatment options for warts, which may include liquid nitrogen, removal, or certain medications. 

What Treatments Do Pediatric Dermatologists Provide?

If your child has a skin condition and experiences uncomfortable symptoms, it may be difficult for them to describe medically what they are dealing with. A pediatric dermatologist will be patient with the child and perform an evaluation to properly diagnose the condition. Different treatment methods may be offered, depending on the condition and its severity. If one treatment method does not provide the desired results, a different one may be suggested. If you notice that your child or adolescent has developed a skin abnormality, it is always best to seek the help of a medical professional and not allow the condition to go untreated. 

In addition to providing a skin evaluation, a pediatric dermatologist will also inquire about the child’s medical history. This may help determine allergens or certain reactions. After the evaluation is completed, the treatment options that may be offered include prescription creams/ ointments, biopsies, or removal of lesions. 

Pediatric Dermatologists

When Should Someone Visit a Pediatric Dermatologist?

Pediatric dermatologists are trained medical professionals who specialize in examining and treating skin conditions that affect children, from newborns to adolescents. Additional training is required for these doctors, as the skin of children can differ drastically from the skin of an adult. Working with children also requires skills, like patience, to understand more about their conditions. 

If you have noticed that your child has a skin abnormality, the time to seek advice from a pediatric dermatologist is now. Leaving a condition untreated can cause it to worsen, and may cause the child to experience uncomfortable symptoms. A pediatric dermatologist will perform a skin evaluation and provide you with solutions for the condition. These medical professionals have the training and knowledge necessary to diagnose and treat a wide variety of different conditions. 

Frequently Asked Questions About Pediatric Dermatology

Do Dermatologists See Children?

Specialists in the field of dermatology who specialize in diagnosing and treating children are known as pediatric dermatologists. These professionals have training and expertise in many different skin conditions such as birthmarks, eczema, and warts. They may be able to treat patients within the clinic or may refer them to surgical care. 

Can a Baby See a Dermatologist?

Pediatric dermatologists see a wide age range of different clients. They are able to treat newborns as well as adolescents. Thus, even a baby can go to a dermatologist if they are experiencing an abnormal skin condition. Pediatric dermatologists are trained in diagnosing and treating skin conditions that may affect this age range. 

How Long Does It Take to Become a Pediatric Dermatologist?

Pediatric dermatologists are specialists in their fields and considered medical doctors. They require advanced training in order to diagnose and treat a wide range of different skin conditions. Their training consists of four years of medical school, a one-year internship, and three years of a residency which may or may not be done alongside a pediatric residency. 

What Is the Starting Pay for a Dermatologist?

Dermatologists require advanced training and several years of medical school. Because of the expertise needed for their field, and the demand of medical doctors in general, dermatologists have a high median starting wage. The median starting wage for a dermatologist is around $230,000. However, this number could vary drastically depending on multiple factors. 

Do Dermatologists Treat Eczema?

Dermatologists are trained to diagnose and treat a wide variety of different skin conditions. Eczema can affect any age and is notorious for causing red, irritated, and dry skin. While this skin condition is quite common, it can be difficult to treat without the help of a medical professional. A dermatologist can help get you started on a treatment plan. 

When Should a Child See a Dermatologist?

Pediatric dermatologists specifically treat and diagnose children in the age range of newborn to adolescent. This means that a child who develops a skin condition is able to visit a pediatric dermatologist for evaluation and treatment if necessary. Skin conditions children develop should be examined by a professional. 

How Many Pediatric Dermatologists Are There in the US?

Records of how many pediatric dermatologists there are in the United States has and will continue to fluctuate. However, the demand for medical professionals in the dermatology field remains steady. 

What Does a Dermatologist Do?

A professional dermatologist is a trained medical doctor who focuses on diagnosing and treating skin conditions. These conditions range from acne to psoriasis. A dermatologist will perform an evaluation, record medical history, and provide treatment options based on their diagnosis. 

Are Dermatologists Covered by Insurance?

One of the main concerns when visiting a dermatologist is whether or not the treatment plan will be covered by an individual’s insurance company. Most companies cover comprehensive care when it is medically necessary. As a result, cosmetic dermatology treatments are less likely to be covered. However, coverage always depends on the company. 

Do You Need a Referral to See a Dermatologist?

If you visit your doctor and they notice something abnormal about your skin, they may refer you to a dermatologist. A visit to your primary doctor is not always necessary, though. Some dermatologists take patients without referrals and allow them to schedule evaluations easily. 

What Is Cosmetic Dermatology?

Cosmetic dermatologists are medical doctors who receive expert training in order to effectively treat and enhance their patients’ skin. Treatments sometimes include options like Botox, chemical peels, and dermabrasion. In addition to offering these treatments, a cosmetic dermatologist will have the same offerings as a standard dermatologist.

How Long Does It Take to Get a Bachelor’s Degree in Dermatology?

More than a bachelor’s degree is needed in order to become a dermatologist. A bachelor’s degree program typically takes about four years to complete. However, those training in dermatology also needs to complete four years of medical school and a residency program in dermatology. 

How Much Do Veterinary Dermatologists Make? 

Veterinary dermatology is a branch of veterinary medicine designed to diagnose and treat skin conditions that affect animals. Veterinary dermatologists may see and treat both large and small animals. The typical median salary for veterinary dermatologists is around $90,000 annually. 

Is Vaseline Good for Eczema? 

Many who suffer from eczema look for remedies that they can do at home when they are experiencing a flare-up. The National Eczema Association states that Vaseline petroleum jelly is a moisturizer that may help those experiencing eczema flare-ups. However, this may not be ideal as a long-term treatment.

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